Nepal is still coming to terms after the devastating 7.8-magnitude earthquake. Immediate relief effort has finally started to reach remote areas. With government, security forces, independent groups, international governments and organizations continuing their extra-ordinary work in the relief efforts, I would like to draw attention to simultaneously thinking about the long-term recovery process. The recovery process includes debris removal, post-earthquake health sector co-ordination, restoration of public utilities, and resettlement/reconstruction/ rehabilitation.
Recovery will be long and arduous. Although it is too early to assess the full cost of the catastrophic earthquake, an initial estimate by U.S. Geological Service reckons damages of $1 to $10 billion. An economist with IHS forecasts the cost of reconstruction to be around $5 billion.
Central Coordination is key
- Electricity supply and demand varies at different time intervals
- Electricity supply side is heavily based on renewable sources increasing the challenges of creating reliable electricity system
- Demand side management programs, storage systems, trade agreements with India can be some of the long-term solutions
Let’s start with few questions: What determines the supply and demand of electricity? Does the demand remain same throughout the year? What about the supply? Is it possible, technically and economically, to generate electricity as required to serve the load? These are few questions to consider before thinking about developing a reliable and adequate electric system.
In this post, I discuss issues that Nepal’s electricity sector may face in future. One of the previous posts discusses the short-term solutions of current power shortage problems. Moreover, the recent post talks about electricity sector’s possible issues in the future.