Global warming is the gradual rise in earth’s surface temperature due to the effect of greenhouse gases released from burning fossil fuels and deforestation. Over the period of 1880-2012, the combined land-ocean temperature increased by 0.85° Celsius. Global average temperature is expected to rise between 1.4 – 5.8°C in the next 100 years.
A recent report by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) confirmed that human activities are ‘dominant cause’ of global warming since 1950s (IPCC, 2014).The climate change alters hydrological systems through precipitation change or melting of snow or ice and affects the quantity of available water, seasonal activities, and migration patterns.
In this post, I focus on global warming’s consequences in South Asian regions and the imminent need to collaborate to identify and reduce climate change related risks.
Serious Consequences of Global Warming
There are a lot of ongoing discussions on the proposed power agreement between Governments of Nepal and India. With Nepal’s untapped hydropower resources, India’s power need, and recent changes in Indian politics, the discussions for power treaty is again back on the table. I was lucky enough to get a copy of the draft of the agreement. In this post, I discuss the important points of the agreement and few areas that need clarification.
Both countries realize the importance of meeting electricity demand for socio-economic development and the progress of people. The agreement aims to facilitate cooperation in the fields of power generation, power transfer, grid connectivity, energy efficiency, renewable energy, and power related consulting and research services. More importantly, both countries are emphasizing the importance of developing additional hydropower potential by cooperating in the construction and operation of hydropower.
Looking at the current power-crisis of Nepal, it is even hard to make future energy plans without addressing present power shortage problems. However, I believe that it’s a high time that we have a long-term electricity plan by keeping the future demand growth in mind.
Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA) estimates that the electricity demand will increase steadily at the average annual growth of 9 % and peak demand will increase by 8.85% in the same period. Energy (kWh or MWh or GWh) is the total hourly electricity demand summed for each year year, whereas system peak load (kW or MW or GW) is the maximum amount of electricity demanded at any given time of the year. For the smooth supply of electricity, the utility company (NEA) has to be able to meet both total annual electricity demand and also be able to handle the peak load demand.
Guest Author: Achyut Shrestha
In the long run, Nepal may overcome the present power crisis with the help of largely untapped natural resources – hydro power potential up to 83 GWh (Shrestha, 1968) and significant potential from wind and solar energy (Upreti et al). However, it is imperative that we also try to seek immediate solutions to mitigate the energy shortage. Energy efficiency (EE) provides an opportunity to reduce power shortages in the short run.
What is Energy Efficiency?
Energy For Nepal will bring you news related with Nepal’s energy sector in biweekly basis. We will summarize important news and also provide links of other the published news during the period. We hope to make this blog a one-stop source for news and analysis of Nepal’s energy sector.
First, some of the news article published some time ago but are still relevant:
Here are some of the energy related news from this week:
- Energy sector gets highest Foreign aid commitment (ekantipur, accessed July 24 2013). Ekantipur writes that “The sector received Rs 42 billion out of total commitments worth Rs 115.15 billion, thanks to a huge commitment of Rs 33 billion for Tanahun hydropower project. Earlier news about ADB lending $150 million to this same project (ekantipur, accessed July 24 2013) .
- Government failed to achieve energy targets – both in generation and transmission sectors – set in the 12th Development Plan. In the three-year plan, Nepal government planned to add 184 MW of electricity to the national grid, but only succeeded in adding 21 MW. According to the National Public Commission’s report published on myrepublica, government added only 500 m of transmission lines when it planned for building 500 km! Read the article in myrepblica, accessed July 24 2013.
Other News articles: